It is located in the Cotabambas district and province of the same name, in the Region of Apurimac Peru.
It has a population of 450 families, who since hundreds of years are dedicated to agriculture and livestock, being this community the most important livestock resources of the district.
Centro Poblado de Colca
Old colonial town, which is still appreciated the arch, the cemetery and the typical streets. In this is the local Municipality.
The archaeological sites
The samples of ancient cultures are seen in the mountains and in the town of Colca itself. Among them are:
Located to the North West of the Colca Town Center. It is an archaeological complex, it shows a complex that had to be inhabited in a period of time by different settlements. The last must have been the Incas, who, fleeing the invasion in Cusco, took refuge in Colca. Well it shows the bases of an enclosure under construction with finely crafted stones that are currently scattered and a part of them is in the old Colca temple.
It is the hill to the north west of the Colca Town Center. In this hill there are the ruined bases of “chullpas” that are funerary niches made with stones with human remains that were looted. They are groups of chullpas that still remain.
At the feet of Arkipiña, a path that is known to come from Cusco extends and goes to Nazca. Much of this road is still used, and show the great influx and importance that should have.
The knowledge contained in the traditions and customs, still keep the biocentric and agrocentric culture of their ancestors.
The villagers still have faith in the mother earth and the spirits that live in the mountains. Celebrating ancestral ceremony.
They emphasize the tikapallana, a flower harvesting party, where it was offered to the nature, for the animals and the abundance granted to the men .
Economy of Colca
Recently, artisanal mining has been developing. As an alternative to the economy of its population.
In the same province where Colca is located, there is the Las Bambas Mining Project, which has been operating for 10 years. What had generated expectations regarding the economic movement of the area. However, such a situation has not been yet.