The Ocra people are kind and gentle people. Heirs of Inca traditions and customs share their culture with visitors through our volunteer program. You have the opportunity to meet them and enjoy this town and its unique landscape.
Comunidad Campesina de Ocra
It is located at 3670 m.a.s.l. an hour and a half from the city of Cusco.
Ocra is a town of farmers and breeders of native animals such as alpaca, llama and guinea pigs as well as cow, sheep, chicken, horse that came with the Spaniards. Ocra Initially it was an original ayllu, then it was part of a hacienda in the colonial era. Currently around 42 families live.
The weather is divided into two seasons a year.
From September to March it is determined by the presence of rains. Being the months of January and February the most intense, with the presence of lightning and even snowfall.
While from April to August, it is dry season, absence of rain. The months of June and July is the time where you have the lowest temperatures.
Ocra is between two more or less pronounced mountains that form a ravine from north to south. In that the straw predominates, that occupies the greater extension of the territory of the community, that contrasts with the blue sky and white clouds. Further down to the south of the community, which is a gorge, you can see native tree forests, always with straw.
It also highlights the abundance of water, especially in the rainy season. The river, formed by the countless eyes of water is an important part of Ocra’s life.
The crops they produce are tubers such as potatoes, about 80 varieties, olluco, maswa, yuu; also barley, wheat, beans.
The animals that breed are the alpaca, the llama, the sheep, the cows; also guinea pigs and hens.
They trade agricultural products to the town of Inquilpata where a fair is held every Friday. Hence they also provide food that they do not produce in the community.
The collection of zetas is an activity that helps them a lot in their economy, as they sell it in Inquilpata or usually take it to the city of Cusco.
On Sundays, most usually go to Chinchaypujio, the capital of the District. There they sell their products and also buy food like sugar, salt, rice, condiments.
Organization of the Ocra Community
The communal assembly in which all members of the community are required to participate is where decisions are made. They have a Board of Directors, headed by a president, secretary, treasurer, prosecutor and vowels. Those who are responsible for ensuring the welfare and planning of the community. There are also committees responsible for specific aspects such as agriculture, water use, there is a committee, for example, which is responsible for overseeing the projects carried out in the community. The tourism committee is with which we coordinate for the visit of foreign friends.
Ocra Healthy Community
The Communal Assembly, led by its board of directors that is now headed by Mr. Jorge Cruz Huillca and his wife Gumercinda Huamán Challco, has proposed to become a Healthy Community. To do this they must carry out multiple activities in order to achieve this goal.
How is a day in Ocra
The day starts very early, with the song of the birds and the rooster. The male very early takes the opportunity to collect firewood or some things at home or go to other neighbors to coordinate agricultural activities. While the woman prepares breakfast she will first consist of coffee with wheat flour or another grain. Later you will have a soup accompanied by boiled potatoes or chuño.
Later, around 8 in the morning, the youngest children prepare to go to the basic school that is in the community, the youngest will have gone to Chinchaypujio to school.Breasts are responsible for grazing sheep and other animals. The husband will take care of the agriculture, if he goes alone he will take food and if he has several people who help him the wife will take the food ordering the grazing to some neighbor.
In the afternoon, both children and husbands return home. The food is prepared, which is usually a plate of food with boiled potatoes or chuño.
The Children of Ocra and Education
There are about 16 children between 5 and 15 years old, the 6 younger children have classes at the Ocra educational center. The elders every morning have to go to Chinchaypujio, the district capital, happily the last two years the local government provides transportation school service.
We know that when children leave school they will go to different cities to look for work and very few of them will continue their higher education.
Madicine with plants
The main medicine they use in this town is through the use of plants. Generally they have saved the plants that heal, depending on how bad they suffer they will follow a treatment they learned from their parents and grandparents. If the evil is not cured, they will just go to the health center in Chinchaypujio.
There are some evils in which an elder from the town of Don Juan Huamán comes. These evils are generally fright and bad wind. The treatment will be a preparation
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